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Requirements on package material CE Certification on 94/62/EC

Date:2008/6/10 17:35:14   Hits:1353

 

This Directive covers all packaging placed on the market in the Community and all packaging waste, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.

 

Essential requirement on the composition and the reusable and recoverable, including recyclable, nature of package

1. Requirements specific to the manufacturing and composition of packaging

- Packaging shall be so manufactured that the packaging volume and weight be limited to the minimum adequate amount to maintain the necessary level of safety, hygiene and acceptance for the packed product and for the consumer.

- Packaging shall be designed, produced and commercialised in such a way as to permit its reuse or recovery, including recycling, and to minimize its impact on the environment when packaging waste or residues from packaging waste management operations are disposed of.

- Packaging shall be so manufactured that the presence of noxious and other hazardous substances and materials as constituents of the packaging material or of any of the packaging components is minimized with regard to their presence in emissions, ash or leachate when packaging or residues   from management operations or packaging waste are incinerated or landfilled.

2. Requirements specific to the reusable nature of packaging The following requirements must be simultaneously satisfied:

- the physical properties and characteristics of the packaging shall enable a number of trips or rotations in normally predictable conditions of use,

- possibility of processing the used packaging in order to meet health and safety requirements for the workforce,

- fulfil the requirements specific to recoverable packaging when the packaging is no longer reused and thus becomes waste.

3. Requirements specific to the recoverable nature of packaging

a) Packaging recoverable in the form of material recycling Packaging must be manufactured in such a way as to enable the recycling of a certain percentage by weight of the materials used into the manufacture of marketable products, in compliance with current standards in the Community. The establishment of this percentage may vary, depending on the type of material of which the packaging is composed.

b) Packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery Packaging waste processed for the purpose of energy recovery shall have a minimum inferior calorific value to allow optimisation of energy recovery.

c) Packaging recoverable in the form of composting Packaging waste processed for the purpose of composting shall be of such a biodegradable nature that it should not hinder the separate collection and the composting process or activity into which it is introduced.

d) Biodegradable packaging Biodegradable packaging waste shall be of such a nature that it is capable of undergoing physical, chemical, thermal or biological decomposition such that most of the finished compost ultimately decomposes into carbon dioxide, biomass and water.

 

Summary list of titles and references of harmonised standards under Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

Harmonised standard

Subject (short title of directive)

EN 13427:2004

Packaging - Requirements for the use of European Standards in the field of packaging and packaging waste

EN 13428:2004

Packaging - Requirements specific to manufacturing and composition - Prevention by source reduction

EN 13429:2004

Packaging - Reuse

EN 13430:2004

Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable by material recycling

EN 13431:2004

Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery, including specification of minimum inferior calorific value

EN 13432:2000

Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation - Test scheme and evaluation criteria for the final acceptance of packaging

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